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Hu Resources Replaces Human Resources in Health Care agriculture, and the military have developed a dependence on such advanced technologies. "Hu resource management will replace human resource management in health care." This state- ment of the author would once have appeared to be so outlandish as to be only a metaphor rather than a literal statement. Surely, some will point out, there is a vast difference still (if not half way to forever) between humans and current intelli- gent machines (Dwivedi, Bali, & Naguib 2002; Rada 2008). Indeed a recent book by Rada (2008) knowledgeably, and with insight, pictures a 2008 world which takes a far less futuristic perspective, even while noting the advances in information technology. A healthcare organization wishing to return value to its stakeholders in the coming years should consider the strategic failure to optimize intelligence in whatever form. Consider the missed opportunity if human resources departments, CO-EVOLUTION More important than the distraction of artificial intelligence is the shift in our relationship with intelligent hus. We will no longer be passive us- ers of artificial intelligence as one would use an essentially static hammer or an electronic medical record system. We are becoming partners, co- evolving soft and hard hus with ourselves. Intel- ligent systems follow user-driven design and learn and improve with usage. Usage rather than form will determine function. Machine systems, such as automobiles, that we use today are often mass produced. The basics made available to us at the point of purchase are determined in the factory. We can order a vehicle made from standard parts, choosing among those standard parts. Our vehicle is either a heavy-duty pickup or a small car suitable for just two people around town. Other than deteriorating, most of our