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Chapter 1. Introduction to Optical Netwo... > 1.1 Telecommunications Network Archi...

1.1 Telecommunications Network Architecture

Our focus in this book is primarily on the so-called public networks, which are networks operated by service providers, or carriers, as they are often called. Carriers use their network to provide a variety of services to their customers. Carriers used to be essentially telephone companies, but today there are many different breeds of carriers operating under different business models, many of whom do not even provide telephone service. In addition to the traditional carriers providing telephone and leased line services, today there are carriers who are dedicated to interconnecting Internet service providers (ISPs), carriers that are in the business of providing bulk bandwidth to other carriers, and even virtual carriers that provide services without owning any infrastructure.


  

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