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Chapter 5: Preparedness > Appendix 5-1 - Pg. 296

296 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT Appendix 5­1 Guidance on Creating a Public Education Campaign for Earthquakes Earthquakes Awareness Messages Why talk about earthquakes? Earthquakes strike suddenly, without warning. Earthquakes can occur at any time of the year and at any time of the day or night. On a yearly basis, 70 to 75 damaging earthquakes occur throughout the world. Estimates of losses from a future earthquake in the United States approach $200 billion. Forty-five states and territories in the United States are at moderate to very high risk of earth- quakes, and they are located in every region of the country. California has experienced the most frequent damaging earthquakes; however, Alaska has experienced the greatest number of large earthquakes-- many of which caused little damage because of the area's low population density at the time. In November 2002, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake in south-central Alaska ruptured the Denali Fault in the Alaska Mountain Range, about 90 miles (145 km) south of Fairbanks. Although this was the strongest earthquake ever recorded in the interior of Alaska, it caused no deaths and little