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Part Two: Systems Theory: The Nature of ... > Chapter 4: Development - Pg. 92

C h a p t p t r e | r s e v e n Cha e | four Development Development is a core concept of the systems view of the world. In contrast to the mechanistic and biological views concerned, respectively, with efficiency and growth, the systems view is basically concerned with development. A critical review of major traditional views of development suggests that they are generally characterized by problems of (1) ethnocentrism, (2) unidimensionality, and (3) deterministic perspective. In the first place, most developmental theories have built-in ethnocen- tric biases. The models, as ideal types of developed societies, bear unmis-