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7 What the Camera Can Do > Types of Cameras - Pg. 97

CHAPTER 7 What the Camera Can Do A number of factors can influence one's choice of camera: Cost: initial and running costs. Physical aspects: weight, portability, method of mounting, and reliability. Operational features: available options, controls, handling, and flexibility (e.g., zoom range). Image performance: resolution, color quality, any picture impairment (artifacts), per- formance stability, and sensitivity. Determining the features that are most important to you depends on how you are going to use the camera. Are you shooting live or recording? Are you working with a single-camera setup or as part of a multicamera production? Are you editing what you shoot as you go or will the material be edited later? Some camera systems are more appropriate than others for specific situations. One factor can strongly outweigh others. If, for instance, a news unit is working under hazard- ous conditions where the likelihood of equipment loss or damage is high, it may be wiser to use a small, low-cost consumer/small-format camcorder rather than a larger, expensive camera! TYPES OF CAMERAS Historically, there have been many different types of cameras, generally sorted into one of three categories: consumer, prosumer/industrial, and professional. Generally, the catego- ries were assigned according to the level of quality and the features each camera provided. Of course, there are still some high-end professional cameras and some low-resolution/