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Moving the Camera > Using the Zoom Lens - Pg. 156

PART 3 Visualizing the Story Subjective Camera Treatment When you use the camera subjectively, you are portraying an individual's perception of the event. The subjective camera makes it look as if the viewer is actually walking around the scene, following the action. The camera can walk through a crowd, move up to inspect something, and then glance up at nearby details. We encounter this approach regularly when shoulder-mounted or Steadicam-type cameras are used instead of shooting from a stationary position on a tripod. Subjective camera movement creates a participatory effect for the audience. But if the director moves the camera when the audience is not ready, or fails to show them something they wish to see, the audience will probably feel resentful. The skilled director persuades the audience to want a change of view or a move. The unskilled director thrusts it upon the audience. Imitative Camera Movement Cameras can be moved to suggest jogging or the rolling movement of a ship. The camera can significantly affect the dynamics of the subject. If used effectively, camera movements can even provide subjective influence on the action itself (Figure 9.28). Using the Zoom Lens As discussed earlier, the zoom lens brings both advantages and pitfalls for the unwary. It is too easy to change the lens angle just to change subject image size. There is always the temp- tation to stand and zoom, rather than move around with a normal lens. Zooming demands