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# CHAPTER 12

# Linear Regression

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Regression analysis is one of the two most widely used statistical procedures; the other is analysis of variance, which is covered in Chapter 13.

There are various procedures within the broad area of linear regression that have direct application in quality improvement work, and a regression approach is the standard way of analyzing data from designed experiments.

The word “regression” has a much different meaning outside the realm of statistics than it does within it; literally it means to revert back to a previous state or form. In the field of statistics, the word was coined by Sir Francis Galton (1822–1911) who observed that children's heights regressed toward the average height of the population rather than digressing from it. (This is essentially unrelated to the present-day use of regression, however.)