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Preface

Preface

Electric power systems throughout the world are facing radical change stimulated by the pressing need to decarbonise electricity supply, to replace ageing assets and to make effective use of rapidly developing information and communication technologies (ICTs). These aims all converge in the Smart Grid. The Smart Grid uses advanced information and communication to control this new energy system reliably and efficiently. Some ICT infrastructure already exists for transmission voltages but at present there is very little real-time communication either to or from the customer or in distribution circuits.

The Smart Grid vision is to give much greater visibility to lower voltage networks and to enable the participation of customers in the operation of the power system, particularly through Smart Meters and Smart Homes. The Smart Grid will support improved energy efficiency and allow a much greater utilisation of renewables. Smart Grid research and development is currently well funded in the USA, the UK, China, Japan and the EU. It is an important research topic in all parts of the world and the source of considerable commercial interest.


  

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