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4. Deploying Domain Controllers

Chapter 4. Deploying Domain Controllers

Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) provides a distributed database and directory service that stores and manages information about the users, computers, groups, shares, printers, and other types of objects that comprise an organization’s IT infrastructure. With AD DS, you can create the following:

  • A forest that acts as the security boundary for your organization

  • One or more domains that define the scope of authority of administrators in your organization

  • A hierarchical collection of organizational units (OUs) to simplify delegation of authority for managing directory objects

  • Sites that map to the structure of your organization’s network

Domain controllers are servers that host AD DS within your infrastructure, and the process for deploying domain controllers has been enhanced in several ways in Microsoft Windows Server 2012. The Active Directory Domain Services Configuration Wizard (dcpromo.exe) used in previous Windows Server versions has been replaced with a new Active Directory Domain Services Configuration Wizard that simplifies the task of deploying new domain controllers to help reduce the possibility of error. Windows PowerShell now provides a way of scripting all aspects of domain controller deployment, making it possible to automate the mass deployment of domain controllers in data-center environments. Safeguards have also been introduced so that you can safely virtualize domain controllers, which simplifies deployment of private and public cloud solutions. This chapter describes how to prepare for the deployment of Windows Server 2012 domain controllers, how to deploy domain controllers using both Server Manager and Windows PowerShell, and how to take advantage of domain-controller virtualization.

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