Free Trial

Safari Books Online is a digital library providing on-demand subscription access to thousands of learning resources.

Share this Page URL

33 The practice of industrial relations > Collective agreements - Pg. 415

Chapter 33 the Practice of industrial relations 415 its relationships with work people as well as the regulation of conditions of employment. It was described by Flanders (1970) as a social process that continually turns disagreements into agreements in an orderly fashion. Collective bargaining can also be seen as a political relationship in which trade unions, as Chamberlain and Kuhn (1965) noted, share industrial sover- eignty or power over those who are governed, the employees. The sovereignty is held jointly by man- agement and union in the collective bargaining process. Above all, collective bargaining is a power relation- ship that takes the form of a measure of power- sharing between management and trade unions (although recently the balance of power has shifted markedly in the direction of management in the private sector). Bargaining power is the ability to induce the other side to make a decision or take a course of action that it would otherwise be un- willing to make. Each side is involved in assessing the bargaining preferences and bargaining power of the other side. They consist of substantive agreements, procedural agreements, new style agreements, partnership agree- ments and employee relations procedures. Substantive agreements Substantive agreements set out agreed terms and conditions of employment covering pay, allowances and overtime, working hours, holidays and flexibility arrangements and the achievement of single status or the harmonization of terms and conditions. Single status means that there are no differences in basic conditions of employment. Harmonization is the adoption of a common approach to pay and conditions for all employees, for example, placing all employees in the same grade and pay structure. Procedural agreements Procedural agreements set out the methods to be used and the procedures or rules to be followed in the processes of collective bargaining and the