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images CHAPTER SUMMARY

This chapter provides closure for both this text and for managing an IT project. Throughout the project life cycle, processes to support both the project and development of the project's product—the information system—have been discussed. These processes are important for managing the project from its inception through to its conclusion.

Once the information system has been built or purchased, it must be tested adequately in order to make installation of the system go more smoothly. However, implementation requires a tactical approach for ensuring that the information system is transferred efficiently and effectively from the project environment to the day-to-day operations of the organization.

Three approaches to implementation were discussed in this chapter. The first approach, called direct cutover, provides the quickest means for implementing the system. In general, the old system is turned off and the new system is turned on. This approach can be risky if the system has not been thoroughly tested. As a result, it can put a great deal of pressure on the project team to “get it right” the first time, especially if the system supports a mission-critical function of the organization.


  

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