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CHAPTER 1: Game Design Origins > And Now We Are Digital

And Now We Are Digital

Exactly who created the first digital game remains a bit of a mystery. Some early developers were interested in making games, whereas others strove to create art, and still others used game-like technologies to explore scientific principles. Because all this work was going on simultaneously, the identity of the person who created the first digital game is frequently disputed.

Video refers to a raster display device, which is the way the first electronic games were viewed. The term is used erroneously to describe digital games today.

Spacewar!, often credited as being the first game designed for computer use (although preceded in development by OXO in 1952 and Tennis for Two in 1958), was created at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology by designers Steve Russell, Martin Graetz, and Wayne Wiitanen. The game was played with two spaceships, called the needle and the wedge, that navigated through star fields and could fire a limited number of missiles. The goal of this two-player game was to shoot each other's ships down and avoid colliding with stars.


  

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