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Chapter 10: Bridging the Digital Divide ... > MODEL OVERVIEW - Pg. 163

Bridging the Digital Divide by Open Source the software development process a joint effort between participants in developed and developing countries and facilitating local learning during the process. MODEL OVERVIEW The conceptual model (see Figure 2) is based on the distinction between the global software core and localized versions of the software. The core software is the common building ground for all implementing organizations. It resembles the functionality that is considered useful for most instances of the software. Localized versions of the software are derived from the core through local adaptation, translation and enhancement. The model's focus is on local users and on local capacity building. To realize the intended benefits in these areas requires to build proper development cooperation partner comes in to cooperatively set up the structures, to encourage proper communication and to build the basic skills. An important element in this process is the imple- mentation of the system in an organization in the sense as Walsham (2009) describes it: implemen- tation in a "human and social sense, so that the system is used frequently by organization members or that it is considered valuable for work activities or coordination" (p. 210). The implementation effort helps to discover practical difficulties and to find ways to fit the technology with local needs. The particular relevance of practical implementa- tion for local learning is stated by Braa, Monteiro, Sahay, Staring, and Titlestad (2007) in which they describe it as "arguably the most effective learn- ing mechanism" (p. 8) in the context of district health information systems in several developing countries. Open source offers the possibility for user