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University Education and Intellectual Property in the Digital Era electronics and electrical gadgets that we use; and the cars we drive. Intellectual Property law is at two levels: national and international. The national level covers national legislation and policy as well as the common law. Examples in Botswana the Industrial Property Act (1996) and the Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Act (2000). At the inter- national level it covers international treaties and Conventions to which Botswana is a signatory. Examples include the International Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883 as amended; the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886 as amended; the Universal Copyright Convention 1952; the Convention for the Protection of Performers, Phonograms and Broadcasting Organisations (the Rome Convention) 1961; the Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) 1961 as amended; and the Agreement on Trade- especially in the digital era and how they affect the University's core business. The object of copyright law is to protect creative individuals such as authors and artists from having their work copied or reproduced without their authorization. Copyright is fundamentally different from a pat- ent, a design or a mark in that legal protection is automatic. This means that a work protected by copyright does not have to be registered with a government agency in order to gain legal protec- tion. Copyright is a form of property which may be sold or licensed for use by others, typically by way of a contract for the publication of the work (Briscoe & Kiggundu, 2001, p. 16). This paper analyses copyright issues relating to the duration of copyright; licensing agreements; the cost of digital information; the preservation of digital informa- tion; distance learning; the Botswana Copyright Office and Collecting Society; the protection of indigenous knowledge systems; and the develop-