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Chapter 16. Care of the Pediatric Client > Caring for the Child with Cerebral D...

Caring for the Child with Cerebral Disorders

Cerebral disorders affecting children include epilepsy, tumors, head trauma, intracranial infections, and Reye syndrome. Several of these disorders, their treatment, and nursing care are discussed in Chapter 11, “Care of the Client with Neurological Disorders.” In this section, we will review the care of the child with intracranial infections and Reye’s syndrome because they specifically relate to the pediatric client.

Intracranial Infections (Encephalitis and Bacterial Meningitis)

Encephalitis is an inflammatory process affecting the central nervous system. The condition is caused by a variety of organisms, including bacteria and viruses. It may also be a post-infection following a viral illness. In childhood, the majority of cases of encephalitis are associated with communicable illness such as measles and varicella. In the case of West Nile encephalitis, the vector reservoir is the mosquito. Most cases occur in the summer and subside in the fall.


  

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