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Fast Facts > Managing Files and Folders

Managing Files and Folders

  • File systems supported by Windows XP are FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS.

  • The most universally supported file system is FAT16.

  • For dual-boot computers, both operating systems must support the file system to share the partition.

  • When installing a computer to dual-boot between two operating systems, you should install the older OS before installing Windows XP.

  • A copied file always inherits its new parent folder’s compression state. A file that is moved within the same NTFS volume retains its original compression state. A file that is moved from one NTFS volume to a different NTFS volume inherits its new parent folder’s compression state. Moving or copying compressed files from NTFS to FAT16 or FAT32 volumes loses compression.

  • NTFS is required for compression or encryption or individually applied permissions.

  • The command to convert a FAT partition to NTFS is convert c: /fs:ntfs, where c: is the drive letter for the disk partition that you are converting. You cannot convert an NTFS volume back to FAT.

  • Advanced attributes of a file or folder on an NTFS partition enable you to either compress or encrypt—these two attributes are mutually exclusive.

  • Table 4 lists the NTFS permissions that can be applied to folders and/or files. NTFS permissions enable an administrator to grant or deny folder and file access to users and groups.

Table 4. NTFS Permissions Are Applicable to Files and Folders
NTFS PermissionFile or Folder Permission?Result When Granted
Full ControlBothGrants full access to a file or to a folder’s contents—read, write, modify, change permissions, take ownership, and delete.
ModifyBothGrants read, write, modify, and delete rights, as well as the right to read permissions of a file or folder.
Read & ExecuteBothGrants the right to execute or open a file and to read it, as well as the right to read its attributes and permissions. For a folder, this right applies to all the files within the folder.
List Folder ContentsFolderGrants the right to open a folder, read its attributes and permissions, and to list the files and subfolders within it. Does not allow the user to execute any files within the folder.
ReadBothGrants the right to list a file or folder, and read its attributes and permissions. Does not allow the user to execute a file or any files within a folder.
WriteBothGrants the right to save changes to a file, to create new files, and to change attributes of a file.



  

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