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4.1. Introduction

Project scope management refers to the processes required to identify and ensure that a project includes all the work and only the work required for successful project completion. It is primarily concerned with identification and control of what is and what is not part of project requirements. It follows that effective scope management comprises correct and exact identification of project requirements. This process entails identification—from the standpoint of a particular project—of two classes of processes: (1) processes that are critical for and add value to the desired project outcome and (2) processes that may present superficially as required but may in reality be safely ignored without loss of ability to achieve the desired project outcome, that is, processes that do not add value.

4.1.1. Why Projects Fail?

Although many reasons exist for project failure, effective scope management remains the single most potent tool to mitigate likelihood of project failure. The following table indicates why. As you can see, project failure is most often related to incorrect understanding of project requirements. In a nutshell, therefore, project scope management deals with requirement identification. Project requirements can be misunderstood, documented incorrectly, or simply omitted because of clerical error. Sometimes, requirements'and the statement of requirements—may be inconsistent and potentially conflicting as well. A project would benefit in its latter stages if such lapses are eliminated. A sound understanding of processes related to scope management would therefore help a project manager to avoid the aforementioned pitfalls and ensure effective project implementation.


  

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