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Chapter 4. Coaching and the Diversity of... > The Influence of Genetics

The Influence of Genetics

Even before we are born, we are different from our peers. Genetics plays a huge role in creating diversity among human beings. It determines native IQ. You are born with a certain IQ, whether 90 or 145, and that’s the way it is. There isn’t much you can do to make a genius out of someone who was born with an IQ of 95. IQ plays an important role in how well we do in school. How well we do in school has a great deal to do with how we feel about ourselves and what we begin to define as possible for us in life.

Genetics also plays a role in shaping our personality. Heredity has been shown to have an influence on our degree of introversion/extraversion, agreeableness/aggression, conscientiousness, and optimism/pessimism.[1] Being born predisposed to certain traits does not necessarily mean people are fated to live with those traits the rest of their lives. Circumstances, events, and important people in our lives will play a role in shaping how fully we express or overcome these inborn traits. Other interests and talents may also be influenced by genetics. For example, some people seem to be born with the capacity to develop certain abilities at a rate that far exceeds that of the general population. Some people seem to have been born to be artists or musicians. Even physical attractiveness and height is being shown to have an impact on how we are perceived and how successful we become. The point is that the topic of diversity is a lot more complicated than race or ethnicity. We come out of the womb with a unique combination of genes that will have a great deal to do with how we turn out as adults.


  

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