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chapter SIX Theories of Intelligence > TRIARCHIC THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE: ROBERT...

TRIARCHIC THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE: ROBERT STERNBERG

Sternberg (1985) defines intelligence in terms of the ability to achieve success in life based on one’s personal standards and within one’s sociocultural context. Achieving success involves capitalizing on one’s strengths and correcting or compensating for one’s weaknesses.

Culture determines what characteristics constitute intelligence. Solutions to problems that are considered intelligent in one culture may be different from those considered intelligent in another. However, the mental processes needed to reach these solutions are the same.

According to triarchic theory, a balance of analytical, creative, and practical abilities enables the individual to adapt to, shape, and select his environment. With our analytical intelligence, we analyze, evaluate, judge, compare, and contrast. It helps us with problems of a more abstract kind, for which some level of detachment is appropriate. IQ tests and other conventional tests of cognitive ability focus on this capacity. Creative intelligence involves the ability to respond with insight to novel situations and stimuli. It enables us to make connections between our internal world and external reality. Compared to analytical intelligence, creative intelligence is more specific to particular areas of activity. You might be significantl....


  

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