Free Trial

Safari Books Online is a digital library providing on-demand subscription access to thousands of learning resources.

  • Create BookmarkCreate Bookmark
  • Create Note or TagCreate Note or Tag
  • PrintPrint


Agrawala, M. , & Stolte, C. (2001). Rendering effective route maps: Improving usability through generalization. In E. Fiume (Ed.), Siggraph 2001. Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference on Computer Graphics, Los Angeles, California, USA (pp. 241-250). ACM Press.

Allen, G. L. (1999). Spatial abilities, cognitive maps, and wayfinding: Bases for individual differences in spatial cognition and behavior. In R. Golledge (Ed.), Wayfinding behavior: Cognitive maps and other spatial processes (pp. 46-80). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Darken, R. P. , & Peterson, B. (2002). Spatial orientation, wayfinding, and representation. In K. Stanney (Ed.), Handbook of Virtual Environment Technology (pp. 493-518). Mahway, NJ: Erlbaum.

Downs, R. J. , & Stea, D. (1973). Cognitive Maps and Spatial Behavior. Image and Environment. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.

Edwards, G. , (1997). Geocognostics: A new framework for spatial information theory. In A.U. Frank and S. Hirtle (Eds.) Spatial information theory. A theoretical basis for GIS, LNCS 1329 (pp. 455-471). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Egenhofer, M. J. , & Mark, D. M. (1995). Naïve geography. In A.U. Frank & W. Kuhn (Eds.), Spatial information theory. A theoretical basis for GIS, LNCS 988 (pp. 1-15). Berlin: Springer.

Evans, G. W. (1980). Environmental cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 88, 259-297.

Frank, A. U. , Bittner, S. , & Raubal, M. (2001): Spatial and cognitive simulation with multi-agent systems. In D. R. Montello (Ed.), Spatial Information Theory: Foundations of Geographic Information Science, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2205, 124-139. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Freksa, C. (1999). Spatial aspects of task-specific wayfinding maps. A representation theoretic perspective. In J. S. Gero & B. Tversky , (Eds.). Visual and spatial reasoning in design (pp. 1532). Sydney: Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition.

Gero, J. S. , & Tversky, B. (Eds.). (1999). Visual and Spatial Reasoning in Design. Sydney: Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition.

Golledge R. G. (Ed). (1999). Wayfinding Behavior. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Goodchild, M. F. (2000). GIS and transportation: Status and challenges. Geolnformatica, 4, 127-139.

Hayes, P. J. (1979). The Naïve physics manifesto. In D. Michie (Ed.), Expert Systems in the Microelectronic Age (pp. 242-270). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Hirtle, S. C. (1995) Representational structures for cognitive space: Trees, Ordered Trees, and Semi-lattices. In A. V. Frank & W. Kuhn (Eds.), Spatial information theory: A theoretical basis for GIS. LNCS 988 (pp. 327-340). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Hirtle, S. C. , & Jonides, J. (1985). Evidence of hierarchies in cognitive maps. Memory and Cognition, 13, 208-217.

Hutchins, E. (1995). Cognition in the wild. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ishikawa, T. , & Montello, D. R. (2006). Spatial knowledge acquisition from direct experience in the environment: Individual differences in the development of metric knowledge and the integration of separately learned places. Cognitive Psychology, 52, 93-129.

Kitchin, R. M. (1994). Cognitive maps: What are they and why study them? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14, 1-19.

Kitchin, R. M. , & Blades, M. (2001). Cognition of geographic space. London: IB Taurus.

Klippel, A. , Tappe, H. , Kulik, L. , & Lee, P. U. (2005). Wayfinding choremes: A language for modeling conceptual route knowledge. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, 16, 311-329.

Kuipers, B. (1982). The map in the head metaphor. Environment and Behavior 14, 202-220.

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of The City. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Mark, D. M. , Freksa, C. , Hirtle, S. C. , Lloyd, R. , & Tversky, B. (1999). Cognitive models of geographical space. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 13, 747-774.

Moeser, S. D. , (1988). Cognitive mapping in a complex building. Environment and Behavior, 20, 21-49.

Montello, D. R. , Goodchild, M. F. , Gottsegen, J. , & Fohl, P. (2003). Where's downtown? Behavioral methods for determining referents of vague spatial queries. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 3, 185-204.

Peuquet, D. J. (2002). Representations of space and time. New York: Guilford.

Portugali, J. (1996). The construction of cognitive maps, Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Presson, C. C. , & Montello, D. R. (1988). Points of reference in spatial cognition: Stalking the elusive landmark. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 6, 378-381.

Siegel, A.W. , & White, S. H. (1975). The development of spatial representation of large-scale environments. In H.W. Reese (Ed.), Advances in Child Development and Behavior (pp. 9-55). New York: Academic Press.

Slocum, T. A. , Blok, C. , Jiang, B. , Koussoulakou, A. , Montello, D. R. , Fuhrmann, S. , & Hedley, N. R. (2001). Cognitive and usability issues in geovisualization. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 28, 61-75.

Sorrows, M. E. , & Hirtle, S. C. , (1999). The nature of landmarks for real and electronic spaces. In Freksa, C. ; Mark, D. (Eds.), Spatial Information Theory, LNCS 1661 (pp. 37-50). Berlin: Springer.

Stevens, A. , & Coupe, P. (1978). Distortions in judged spatial relations. Cognitive Psychology, 10, 422-437.

Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55, 189-208.

Tversky, B. (1981). Distortions in memory for maps. Cognitive Psychology, 13, 407-433.

Tversky, B. (1993). Cognitive maps, cognitive collages, and spatial mental models. In A. U. Frank & I. Campari (Eds.), Spatial information theory: A theoretical basis for GIS. LNCS 716 (pp. 14-24). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.


You are currently reading a PREVIEW of this book.


Get instant access to over $1 million worth of books and videos.


Start a Free Trial

  • Safari Books Online
  • Create BookmarkCreate Bookmark
  • Create Note or TagCreate Note or Tag
  • PrintPrint