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8 - Orientation, Socialization and Placement > The Socialization Process

The Socialization Process

The process of socialization of employees takes place in two phases. These are socialization by organization and personalization by individuals.14 In the first phase, the organization makes efforts for the socialization of the new employees. This is done through orientation and training programmes. In the second phase, new employees do their best to personalize their relationship with the organization. The employees assume responsibility for changing their attitudes, behaviour and values and conform to the prevailing organizational culture.

 

Table 8.1 Differences between Orientation and Socialization

Orientation Socialization
Orientation is usually a formal and structured process of learning the organizational reality by the newcomer.

  

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