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Chapter Thirteen. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular...

Chapter Thirteen. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System

Terms you’ll need to understand:

Angina pectoris
Blood pressure
Buerger’s disease
Cardiac catheterization
Cardiac tamponade
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Conduction system of the heart
Congestive heart failure
Coronary artery bypass graft
Heart block
Implantable cardioverter
Myocardial infarction
Varicose veins
Ventricular fibrillation
Ventricular tachycardia

Nursing skills you’ll need to master:

Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Monitoring central venous pressure
Monitoring blood pressure
Interpreting electrocardiography (ECG)

The cardiovascular system is comprised of the heart and blood vessels and is responsible for the transport of oxygen and nutrients to organ systems of the body. The heart is a cone-shaped organ made up of four chambers. The right side of the heart receives deoxygenated venous blood from the periphery by way of the superior and inferior venae cavae. The left side of the heart receives blood from the lungs and pumps the oxygenated blood to the body. The blood vessels are divided into arteries and veins. Arteries transport oxygenated blood and veins transport deoxygenated blood. In this chapter, you will discover diseases that affect the cardiovascular system, the treatment of these diseases, and the effects on the client’s general health status.

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