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Chapter 16. Care of the Pediatric Client > Caring for the Child with Gastrointe...

Caring for the Child with Gastrointestinal Disorders

Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders include infections, malformations, and structural changes that affect the digestion and absorption of nutrients. When we think of the GI tract, and we seldom do unless there is a problem, we typically think only of its role in digestion and elimination. However, the GI tract plays a key role in maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance through its interaction with the kidneys and lungs. Gastrointestinal disorders are considered to be more severe in the infant and young child because of the danger of dehydration and metabolic acidosis.

Disorders of Motility

Disorders of motility refer to conditions caused by alterations in the frequency, consistency, or ease of passing stools. Some disorders of motility such as gastroenteritis are the result of infection. Others such as Hirschsprung’s disease are the result of anatomical alterations.


  

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