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Defense Mechanisms Often Used by Clients During Stressful Situations

Defense Mechanisms Often Used by Clients During Stressful Situations

Here is a quick reference to some of the defense mechanisms used by the client to help him cope with stressors:

  • Compensation— The development of attributes that take the place of more desirable ones.

  • Conversion reaction— The development of physical symptoms in response to emotional distress.

  • Denial— The failure to regard an event or feeling.

  • Displacement— The transference of emotions to another other than the intended.

  • Projection— The transferring of unacceptable feelings to another person.

  • Rationalization— The dismissal of one’s responsibility by placing fault on another.

  • Reaction formation— The expression of feelings opposite to one’s true feelings.

  • Regression— The returning to a previous state of development in which one felt secure.

  • Repression— The unconscious forgetting of unpleasant memories.

  • Sublimation— The channeling of unacceptable behaviors into behaviors that are socially acceptable.

  • Suppression— The conscious forgetting of an undesirable memory.


  

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