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Section: 4 Case Studies Illustrating Key Issues and Investigations at the Co...

Section 4: Case Studies Illustrating Key Issues and Investigations at the Community Level

The final section presents four chapters as follows: Chapter 15, "Eye-Movement and Performance during Reading of Cerebral Palsy Patients," by Karashima, Chapter 16, "Roles of Home Care and Rehabilitation Equipment for the Aged who Need Care in Improving Performance," by Nishiguchi, Chapter 17, "The First Attempt of Intensive Approaches in Cognitive Rehabilitation in Clients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)," by Fujii, Chapter 18, "Further Directions in Cognitive Rehabilitation in Community-and Home-based Daily Trainings in Clients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)," by Fujii.

The objective of these chapters is to provide readers with empirical studies and investigations dealing with the CP patients, the aged, and the TBI clients in community life, which illustrate current problems in their lives without the benefits of the appropriate adoption of the tools and technologies of knowledge management. The idea of this book is to highlight all areas in innovative healthcare operations where the tools, techniques, and technologies of KM can be utilized. The empirical studies which make up Section 4 emphasizes an area within healthcare; namely, that of home-based and community-based care, one that is less well understood and more often than receives less attention, and shows that the need for KM is just as important and relevant in this context to facilitate the designing of innovative operations.

Supporting tools and technologies for the TBI patients, CP patients, or the aged peoples who have a social handicap have been developed in each disciplinary section. However, a particular disciplinary knowledge is not adequate for active people who want to develop their own future life styles. People require foresight in their future lives in society as well as deep insight into the current circumstances. Knowledge on sociotechnical systems in addition to the specific disciplinary knowledge is needed for the people who search future perspective/scenario of their lives. Redesigning appropriate mechanisms of sociotechnical systems makes socially handicapped people become empowered to see their desired reality. Appropriate application of knowledge management methodologies are hardly expected without the prudent inquiries to future scenario as well as to current problems for the socially handicapped people.

On the completion of this section, the reader will be equipped with some key points to understand how socially handicapped people perform their own cognition- behavioral coupling processes. Their reactions in cognition and behavior levels are so characteristic that you can not understand without adequate analytical data and study results, and also their future perspectives vary depending up their living environments whether or not they have family support and satisfactory living surroundings. Moreover, this section highlights that KM plays as an important role in the community, as well as other contexts of healthcare.


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