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3. Autonegotiation > When Autonegotiation Fails

When Autonegotiation Fails

When autonegotiation fails on 10/100 links, the most likely cause is that one side of the link has been set to 100/full and the other side has been set to autonegotiation. This results in one side being 100/full and the other side being 100/half.

Figure 3-1 shows a half-duplex link. In a half-duplex environment, the receiving (RX) line is monitored. If a frame is present on the RX link, no frames are sent until the RX line is clear. If a frame is received on the RX line while a frame is being sent on the transmitting (TX) line, a collision occurs. Collisions cause the collision error counter to be incremented—and the sending frame to be retransmitted—after a random back-off delay. This may seem counterintuitive in a modern switched environment, but remember that Ethernet was originally designed to work over a single wire. Switches and twisted pair came along later.


  

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