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12.2. Usage Models

Different systems have different conceptual "models" as to how they're used.

Older systems such as SCCS and RCS use a "check out with locking" model. These systems were developed before client/server computing, when software development was done on centralized minicomputers and mainframes. In this model, the repository is a central directory on the same machine where the developers work, and each developer checks out a private copy into their own sandbox. In order to avoid two developer's making conflicting changes to a file, the file must be locked when it's checked out. Only one user may lock a particular version of a file at a time. When that user has checked in their changes, they unlock the file so that the next user can check in changes. If necessary, the second user may "break" the first user's lock, in which case the first user is notified via electronic mail.


  

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