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P

Painstaking

Extremely careful and diligent



Palatable

Acceptable to the taste, mind, or sensibilities



Papal

Of, relating to, or issued by a pope



Paradigm

A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitute a way of viewing a situation or reality



Paradox

A tenet contrary to received opinion; two seemingly contradictory factors that are both true



Paramount

Of chief concern or importance; supreme in authority, rank, or power



Paraphrase

To restate a text, passage, or quotation in another form or other words



Parasite

One who habitually takes advantage of the generosity of others without making any useful return; or an organism that feeds on, but contributes nothing to, the survival of its host



Parochial

Narrowly restricted in scope or outlook; of, relating to, supported by, or located in a parish



Parsimonious

Stingy, not willing to spend money or give something



Patina

The sheen on any surface, produced by age and use; the greenish layer on aging copper, notably statues



Patriarchy

A social system in which the father is the head of the family and men have authority over women and children; or a family, community, or society based on this system and governed exclusively by men



Patronage

The support or encouragement of a patron; or support or encouragement proffered in a condescending manner



Pedagogue

A schoolteacher; an educator



Peer

A person who has equal standing with another or others



Penalize

To impose punishment on



Per capita

For each person



Perceptible

Capable of being perceived or discerned by the senses



Peripheral

Related to, located in, or constituting an outer boundary; of minor relevance or importance



Permeate

To spread or flow throughout; to pervade



Perpetrate

To be responsible for; to commit



Perpetuate

To cause to continue indefinitely; to prolong the existence of



Persevere

To persist and keep trying in the face of obstacles, problems, or opposition



Pertinent

Having logical precise relevance to the matter at hand



Perturb

To disturb greatly in mind; disquiet; to throw into confusion



Pervade

To be present throughout



Perverse

Marked by being directed away from what is right or good; perverted



Pessimistic

Gloomy; having a negative outlook; focusing on problems and dangers



Petulant

Unreasonably irritable or ill-tempered



Phantom

Something apparently seen, heard, or sensed, but having no physical reality



Phenomena

Plural of phenomenon



Phenomenon

A fact, event, or circumstance perceptible by the senses; a marvel



Placebo

Something of no intrinsic remedial value that is used to appease or reassure another; an inactive compound used as a control in experimental trials of medicines



Plagiarism

The stealing and passing of the ideas or words of another as one's own; use without crediting the source



Plaintiff

The party instituting a suit in a court of law



Plaintive

Sounding sad or mournful



Plausible

Superficially fair, reasonable, or valuable, but might ultimately prove specious or even false



Plumage

The covering of feathers on a bird; or elaborate dress



Plurality

Majority; a large number or amount; a multitude; the larger or greater part



Polarization

A concentration, as of groups, forces, or interests, around two conflicting or contrasting positions



Polemic

A controversial argument, especially one refuting or attacking a specific opinion or doctrine; a person engaged in or inclined to controversy argument, or refutation



Populist

n. A supporter of the rights and power of the people: adj. Of or relating to populism or its advocates



Posit

To dispose or set firmly in position; to fix; to put forth a proposal or assumption for consideration



Postulate

n. A notion that is accepted as basic principle and is generally accepted: v. To presume or suggest that some assumption is truth



Practicably

Capable of being put into practice or of being done or accomplished; feasible



Pragmatic

Dealing or concerned with facts or actual occurrences; practical



Precede

To come, exist, or occur before in time



Precept

A rule or principle prescribing a particular course of action or conduct



Preclude

To prevent or make impossible; to exclude



Preconception

An opinion or conception formed in advance of adequate knowledge or experience, especially a prejudice or bias



Precursor

An event or occurrence that precedes and often indicates something that is to come later



Predicament

An unpleasant situation that is difficult to escape



Predispose

To make something more likely to occur



Predominant

Most common or conspicuous; main or prevalent



Preexisting

In existence or having form earlier or before; antedate



Prehensile

Adapted for seizing, grasping, or holding, especially by wrapping around an object



Prejudice

An adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts; detriment to legal rights or claims



Premise

A piece of evidence; a proposition antecedently supposed or proved as a basis of argument or inference



Preoccupation

The state of being preoccupied or overly focused; absorption of the attention or intellect



Prerequisite

A condition or circumstance that is necessary to an end or to the carrying out of a function; a minimum requirement



Prescribe

To set down as a rule or guide



Prestigious

Highly respected and admired



Presumptuous

Overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy); taking liberties



Presuppose

Assume; to suppose beforehand; to require as an antecedent in logic or fact



Pretentious

Making or marked by an extravagant outward show; demanding a position of distinction or merit, especially when unjustified; marked by pretense; false



Prevail

To be greater in strength or influence; triumph; to be or become effective



Prevalence

The quality of prevailing generally; being widespread; predominance



Primacy

The state of being first or foremost



Prodigious

Impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous



Profess

To affirm openly; declare or claim



Proficiency

Great competence; skillfulness resulting from practice and familiarity



Profound

Having intellectual depth and insight; difficult to fathom or understand; characterized by intensity of feeling or quality



Profundity

Depth of intellect, feeling, or meaning



Prohibition

An order to restrain or stop; a law forbidding certain actions; the act of forbidding



Proliferation

The rapid and repeated production of new parts or of offspring; or the act of increasing as if by this process



Promulgate

To make known by public declaration; announce officially



Prone

Having a tendency or inclination; being likely; having the front or ventral surface downward; lying flat or prostrate



Propagate

Spread; to cause to extend to a broader area or larger number



Propensity

A tendency or inclination



Prophetic

Relating to the foretelling of events by or as if by, divine inspiration



Proponent

One who argues in favor of something; advocate



Proportional

A number or quantity in proper relationship to



Propound

To put forward for consideration; set forth



Prosaic

Dull; lacking imagination or variety



Protagonist

A leading or principal figure



Protocol

A code of correct conduct or procedure; the forms of etiquette and ceremony observed by diplomats and heads of state



Prototype

The original form of something from which later forms are developed



Provenance

Where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence



Proviso

A clause making a qualification, condition, or restriction



Provocative

Serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate



Proximity

The state, quality, sense, or fact of being near or next to; closeness



Psychoactive

Affecting the mind or behavior



Public policy

The basic policy or set of collectively held beliefs forming the foundation of public laws



Purport

n. The general purpose, intent, or meaning of something: v. To claim or falsely pretend to be someone or something; to profess



Putative

Generally regarded as such; supposed




  

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