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1. Introduction to SOA > Modeling Services

Modeling Services


You have determined a service candidate and want to begin modeling the service.


Employ established architectural modeling techniques such as generalization, decomposition, and aggregation.


Once you have determined a reasonable candidate service, model the service using a set of techniques, refactoring its definition until you know what kind of service it is, you feel comfortable with its definition and level of granularity, and you’re sure it’s still a service.

To aid in this effort, employ these information modeling techniques:


Analyze your service to determine what it represents conceptually, in general terms. In object-oriented (OO) programming, this is called finding IS-A relationships. You want to find the appropriate level of generalization for your service. You may determine that a Customer is a Person and an Employee is a Person too. This could be a useful degree of generalization within your enterprise. But the fact that a Person is a Homo sapiens may be the wrong degree of generality for your dot com. Perhaps the more common problem is that you do not get general enough in your design, failing to realize what aspects of different components truly align and differentiate them. Designing services at too specific a level can shrink their possibility for reuse, and make for very complicated interfaces and orchestrations, defeating the very purpose of your SOA efforts.


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