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22. Signals: Advanced Features > Interruptible and Uninterruptible Process Slee...

Interruptible and Uninterruptible Process Sleep States

We need to add a proviso to our earlier statement that SIGKILL and SIGSTOP always act immediately on a process. At various times, the kernel may put a process to sleep, and two sleep states are distinguished:

  • TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE: The process is waiting for some event. For example, it is waiting for terminal input, for data to be written to a currently empty pipe, or for the value of a System V semaphore to be increased. A process may spend an arbitrary length of time in this state. If a signal is generated for a process in this state, then the operation is interrupted and the process is woken up by the delivery of a signal. When listed by ps(1), processes in the TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE state are marked by the letter S in the STAT (process state) field.


  

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