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11. Mobile Web Development > Web Standards

Web Standards

The first question that probably pops into your head (as it certainly does in mine as I write this) is why do we need to have a chapter specifically about mobile web development at all? Isn’t that what the concept of “web standards” is all about? To separate content from presentation in order to create a ubiquitous experience that can be rendered on any device or in any viewing context? In a word, yes, but unfortunately it isn’t that cut-and-dry.

The phrase “web standards” is often used to support arguments, like “you should be supporting web standards because....” But what does it really mean? By my definition, web standards is just an easy way to say “a web page based on the XHTML 1.0 and CSS 2.1 specification, coded in such a way that the majority of presentation elements are omitted from the XHTML markup and defined in the CSS instead.” Now it is typically inferred that in doing so, your markup is immediately made more usable in other viewing contexts—for instance, search engines and accessibility devices such as screen readers and mobile devices—but that is not necessarily the case, as any search engine optimization (SEO), accessibility, and....


  

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