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16. PostScript > Research and Education

Research and Education

Is there anything that really surprised you in the way that software and hardware evolved since the 70s? Many of the ideas in use today were present in the 70s at PARC.

Charles: I think it’s important to understand how PARC came to be, what it was. The story begins at the time of the transfer of control of government here in the United States from Eisenhower to Kennedy.

Eisenhower took Kennedy aside and said he had been advised by some of the brighter people in the U.S. defense industry that in order for the U.S. to continue to expand its military presence around the world, it had to convert from analog communications to digital. I don’t think either President Eisenhower or President-elect Kennedy probably understood what that statement meant, but Kennedy took him very seriously.


  

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