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Virtual Repository Development in Canada evidence-based decision-making at all levels of learning with an emphasis on information sharing through vir- tual repository development. The following discussion focuses on the Canadian case of broadband expansion, e-networks and virtual repository development. A selected review of Canadian federal government databases on major e-network and virtual repository development initiatives from 1995 to 2006 reveals a number of problems and challenges revolving around public knowledge, education, and systemic organiza- tion. This article provides an overview of innovative projects in Canada and addresses major challenges to developing large-scale virtual repositories with a national scope. BACKGRound E-networks and virtual Repository development in Canada The population in Canada is approximately 32 million with a high level of cultural and ethnic diversity. The Net, and The Inclusive Learning Exchange (TILE). In 2003, CANARIE funded nine new projects headed by Acadia University, APR Inc, Delvinia, Immersion Studios, Live Wires Inc, Ryerson University, Sonic Designs Inc and Video Verite Artist Centre. These projects were intended to generate Canadian content and culture in a broadband environment ("CANARIE funds nine new media applications projects," 2003). In 2005, CANARIEs' goal was to upgrade its network to support speeds of up to 50Gbps. This development was intended change how organizations use their networks by allowing users to tailor bandwidth to their needs. It was also intended that the network be used to help research institutions work cooperatively by facilitating large-scale information sharing. A five-year agreement between CANARIE and Rogers Telecom Incorporation was proposed to connect various Canadian research centres to the network. CANARIEs' efforts to build bridges between Canadian telecom providers and the nation's research institutions was expected to benefit a number of research centres and government depart- ments such as Natural Resources Canada, the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) and Environment V