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3.1. Privacy

"Privacy is the power to control what others can come to know about you" [Lessig, 1999, p.143]. In the U.S., most people feel they have a right to privacy. Even though the word does not occur in our Constitution, the fourth amendment comes close when talking about "the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures..." In at least one famous case, the Supreme Court ruled that this amendment does provide for an individual's privacy.[2] Also of relevance is Article 12 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states:

[2] Katz v. U.S., 389 U.S. 347 (1967).

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.


  

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