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Chapter 02. Background: Where Did HTML5 ... > From Evolution to Revolution and Bac...

From Evolution to Revolution and Back

The delicate and sometimes contentious dance between browser manufacturers and architects of the web helped HTML evolve to version 2, then take the optimistic sidestep of HTML3, which was quickly reality-checked by HTML 3.2. The language finally evolved into HTML4 and capped off with HTML 4.01.

In the trailing years of the web’s first decade, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) pursued the revolution of XML, with its promise of bringing cleaner, limitless markup, and enabling everyone to make up their own tags for even richer expression. However, while XML did liberate many corporations from proprietary formats and protocols on their intranets, the envisioned XML-based World Wide Web never materialized.


  

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