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Chapter XIV. Open Learner Modelling as t... > THE E-LEARNING EDUCATIONAL MODEL

THE E-LEARNING EDUCATIONAL MODEL

There are at least five educational traditions that converge into common e-learning systems nowadays: expositive teaching, programmed instruction, distance and continuous education, administration and multimedia-based didactics.

Expositive teaching is certainly the most entrenched tradition in education. It gives the teacher the task of presenting information and carrying out demonstrations to a learner whose function is reduced to capture the information and transcribe it, only to give it back through exercises and assessment. In e-learning this means that educational materials have an expositive nature, with a minimum level of interaction, and the e- learning environment is an information container. Criticism to expositive teaching is widespread. Other approaches, such as discovery learning, the constructivist models, as well as the perspective of education communication have been developed mostly in opposition to frontal, expositive teaching. Influential authors that have lead movements against expositive teaching are, among others, Ausubel (1995), with significant and discovery learning, and Freire (1999) with his notion of "banking education" as an analogy to the informational deposit in expositive teaching.


  

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