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Chapter 17. Introduction to Servlets > CGI—The First Generation of Dynamic Cont...

CGI—The First Generation of Dynamic Content Generation Tools

In the early days of the World Wide Web, most content available was static in nature. One of the first Web servers available came from CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Switzerland. It released httpd, its Web server, in June 1991. At that time, a Web author would create pages, often with just a text editor, and publish them on a Web site. Most sites were very small by today’s standards and could be easily maintained by a few people. Changes to the content of a page or of the site had to be changed by hand by the content authors.

However, Web authors quickly realized that it was also important to make dynamic content available. For example, a content author may want to present information stored in a database. In November 1993 the CERN httpd Web server was updated to include what would eventually be known as the Common Gateway Interface or CGI.


  

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