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Math & Science


261. 

Mechanics of Solid Materials

Mechanics of Solid Materials

By: Jean Lemaitre; Jean-Louis Chaboche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 08-FEB-1990

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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Elasticity, plasticity, damage mechanics and cracking are all phenomena which determine the resistance of solids to deformation and fracture. The authors of this book discuss a modern method of mathematically modelling the behaviour of macroscopic volume elements. The book is self-contained and the first three chapters review physical mechanisms at the microstructural level, thermodynamics of irreversible processes, mechanics of continuous media, and the classification of the behaviour of solids. The rest of the book is devoted to the modelling of different types of material behaviour. In...

262. 

Quantum Fields in Curved Space

Quantum Fields in Curved Space

By: N. D. Birrell; P. C. W. Davies

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 25-FEB-1982

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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This book presents a comprehensive review of the subject of gravitational effects in quantum field theory. Although the treatment is general, special emphasis is given to the Hawking black hole evaporation effect, and to particle creation processes in the early universe. The last decade has witnessed a phenomenal growth in this subject. This is the first attempt to collect and unify the vast literature that has contributed to this development. All the major technical results are presented, and the theory is developed carefully from first principles. Here is everything that students or...

263. 

Large-Scale Inference

Large-Scale Inference

By: Bradley Efron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 05-AUG-2010

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We live in a new age for statistical inference, where modern scientific technology such as microarrays and fMRI machines routinely produce thousands and sometimes millions of parallel data sets, each with its own estimation or testing problem. Doing thousands of problems at once is more than repeated application of classical methods. Taking an empirical Bayes approach, Bradley Efron, inventor of the bootstrap, shows how information accrues across problems in a way that combines Bayesian and frequentist ideas. Estimation, testing and prediction blend in this framework, producing...

264. 

Lambda Calculus with Types

Lambda Calculus with Types

By: Henk Barendregt; Wil Dekkers; Richard Statman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 30-JUN-2013

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This handbook with exercises reveals in formalisms, hitherto mainly used for hardware and software design and verification, unexpected mathematical beauty. The lambda calculus forms a prototype universal programming language, which in its untyped version is related to Lisp, and was treated in the first author's classic The Lambda Calculus (1984). The formalism has since been extended with types and used in functional programming (Haskell, Clean) and proof assistants (Coq, Isabelle, HOL), used in designing and verifying IT products and mathematical proofs. In this book, the authors focus...

265. 

Analytic Combinatorics in Several Variables

Analytic Combinatorics in Several Variables

By: Robin Pemantle; Mark C. Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 31-MAY-2013

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This book is the first to treat the analytic aspects of combinatorial enumeration from a multivariate perspective. Analytic combinatorics is a branch of enumeration that uses analytic techniques to estimate combinatorial quantities: generating functions are defined and their coefficients are then estimated via complex contour integrals. The multivariate case involves techniques well known in other areas of mathematics but not in combinatorics. Aimed at graduate students and researchers in enumerative combinatorics, the book contains all the necessary background, including a review of the...

266. 

Geometric Folding Algorithms

Geometric Folding Algorithms

By: Erik D. Demaine; Joseph O'Rourke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 16-JUL-2007

Insert Date: 04-NOV-2013

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Did you know that any straight-line drawing on paper can be folded so that the complete drawing can be cut out with one straight scissors cut? That there is a planar linkage that can trace out any algebraic curve, or even 'sign your name'? Or that a 'Latin cross' unfolding of a cube can be refolded to 23 different convex polyhedra? Over the past decade, there has been a surge of interest in such problems, with applications ranging from robotics to protein folding. With an emphasis on algorithmic or computational aspects, this treatment gives hundreds of results and over 60 unsolved 'open...

267. 

Mechanics of Composite Structures

Mechanics of Composite Structures

By: László P. Kollár; George S. Springer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 17-FEB-2003

Insert Date: 04-NOV-2013

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An increase in the use of composite materials in areas of engineering has led to a greater demand for engineers versed in the design of structures made from such materials. This book offers students and engineers tools for designing practical composite structures. Among the topics of interest to the designer are stress-strain relationships for a wide range of anisotropic materials; bending, buckling, and vibration of plates; bending, torsion, buckling, and vibration of solid as well as thin walled beams; shells; hygrothermal stresses and strains; finite element formulation; and failure...

268. 

Effective Mathematics of the Uncountable

Effective Mathematics of the Uncountable

By: Noam Greenberg; Denis Hirschfeldt; Joel David Hamkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 31-OCT-2013

Insert Date: 03-NOV-2013

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Classical computable model theory is most naturally concerned with countable domains. There are, however, several methods – some old, some new – that have extended its basic concepts to uncountable structures. Unlike in the classical case, however, no single dominant approach has emerged, and different methods reveal different aspects of the computable content of uncountable mathematics. This book contains introductions to eight major approaches to computable uncountable mathematics: descriptive set theory; infinite time Turing machines; Blum-Shub-Smale computability; Sigma-definability;...

269. 

Extreme Physics

Extreme Physics

By: Jeff Colvin; Jon Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 31-OCT-2013

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Most matter in the Universe, from the deep interior of planets to the core of stars, is at high temperature or high pressure compared to the matter of our ordinary experience. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the basic physical theory on matter at such extreme conditions and the mathematical modeling techniques involved in numerical simulations of its properties and behavior. Focusing on computational modeling, the book discusses topics such as the basic properties of dense plasmas; ionization physics; the physical mechanisms by which laser light is absorbed in matter;...

270. 

What is Life?

What is Life?

By: Erwin Schrodinger; Roger Penrose

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 26-MAR-2012

Insert Date: 03-NOV-2013

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Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger's What is Life? is one of the great science classics of the twentieth century. It was written for the layman, but proved to be one of the spurs to the birth of molecular biology and the subsequent discovery of DNA. What is Life? appears here together with Mind and Matter, his essay investigating a relationship which has eluded and puzzled philosophers since the earliest times. Brought together with these two classics are Schrödinger's autobiographical sketches, which offer a fascinating account of his life as a background to his scientific writings. ...

271. 

Compressed Sensing

Compressed Sensing

By: Yonina C. Eldar; Gitta Kutyniok

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 17-MAY-2012

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Compressed sensing is an exciting, rapidly growing field, attracting considerable attention in electrical engineering, applied mathematics, statistics and computer science. This book provides the first detailed introduction to the subject, highlighting recent theoretical advances and a range of applications, as well as outlining numerous remaining research challenges. After a thorough review of the basic theory, many cutting-edge techniques are presented, including advanced signal modeling, sub-Nyquist sampling of analog signals, non-asymptotic analysis of random matrices, adaptive...

272. 

Introduction to Nanoelectronics

Introduction to Nanoelectronics

By: Vladimir V. Mitin; Viatcheslav A. Kochelap; Michael A. Stroscio

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 06-DEC-2007

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This book was first published in 2007. Increasing miniaturization of devices, components, and integrated systems requires developments in the capacity to measure, organize, and manipulate matter at the nanoscale. This textbook is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary account of the technology and science that underpin nanoelectronics, covering the underlying physics, nanostructures, nanomaterials, and nanodevices. Without assuming prior knowledge of quantum physics, this book provides a unifying framework for the basic ideas needed to understand the recent developments in the field. Numerous...

273. 

Introduction to Strings and Branes

Introduction to Strings and Branes

By: Peter West

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 05-JUL-2012

Insert Date: 03-NOV-2013

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Supersymmetry, strings and branes are believed to be the essential ingredients in a single unified consistent theory of physics. This book gives a detailed, step-by-step introduction to the theoretical foundations required for research in strings and branes. After a study of the different formulations of the bosonic and supersymmetric point particles, the classical and quantum bosonic and supersymmetric string theories are presented. This book includes accounts of brane dynamics and D-branes and the T, S and U duality symmetries of string theory. The historical derivation of string...

274. 

Plasma Engineering

Plasma Engineering

By: Michael Keidar; Isak Beilis

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication Date: 06-MAR-2013

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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Plasma engineering applies the unique properties of plasmas (ionized gases) to improve processes and performance over many fields, such as materials processing, spacecraft propulsion, and nanofabrication. Plasma Engineering considers this rapidly expanding discipline from a unified standpoint, addressing fundamentals of physics and modeling as well as new real-word applications in aerospace, nanotechnology, and bioengineering. The book starts by reviewing plasma particle collisions, waves, and instabilities, and proceeds to diagnostic tools, such as planar, spherical, and emissive...

275. 

Small Wind

Small Wind

By: Nolan Clark

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication Date: 27-AUG-2013

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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This book provides a cohesive guide to achieving successful small wind installations. It is a comprehensive information resource from one of the world’s most experienced small wind professionals, covering all the key issues for small wind system development, from site and machine selection to international standards compliance. Engineers who are tasked with planning and developing these small wind systems, from choosing the best site and accurately estimating likely power output to obtaining proper permitting and troubleshooting operational inefficiencies, will find this book an...

276. 

Solar Cells, 2nd Edition

Solar Cells, 2nd Edition

By: Augustin McEvoy; L. Castaner; Tom Markvart

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication Date: 31-DEC-2012

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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Enormous leaps forward in the efficiency and the economy of solar cells are being made at a furious pace. New materials and manufacturing processes have opened up new realms of possibility for the application of solar cells. Crystalline silicon cells are increasingly making way for thin film cells, which are spawning experimentation with third-generation high-efficiency multijunction cells, carbon-nanotube based cells, UV light for voltage enhancement, and the use of the infrared spectrum for night-time operation, to name only a few recent advances. This thoroughly updated new edition...

277. 

PEM Fuel Cells, 2nd Edition

PEM Fuel Cells, 2nd Edition

By: Frano Barbir

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication Date: 31-DEC-2012

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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Demand for fuel cell technology is growing rapidly. Fuel cells are being commercialized to provide power to buildings like hospitals and schools, to replace batteries in portable electronic devices, and as replacements for internal combustion engines in vehicles. PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cells are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than other types of fuel cell. As a result, over 80% of fuel cells being produced today are PEM cells. This new edition of Dr. Barbir’s groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other...

278. 

Solar Cell Device Physics, 2nd Edition

Solar Cell Device Physics, 2nd Edition

By: Stephen Fonash

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication Date: 17-JUN-2010

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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There has been an enormous infusion of new ideas in the field of solar cells over the last 15 years; discourse on energy transfer has gotten much richer, and nanostructures and nanomaterials have revolutionized the possibilities for new technological developments. However, solar energy cannot become ubiquitous in the world's power markets unless it can become economically competitive with legacy generation methods such as fossil fuels. The new edition of Dr. Stephen Fonash's definitive text points the way toward greater efficiency and cheaper production by adding coverage of...

279. 

Modern Astrodynamics

Modern Astrodynamics

By: Pini Gurfil

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

Publication Date: 19-OCT-2006

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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In recent years, an unprecedented interest in novel and revolutionary space missions has risen out of the advanced NASA and ESA programs. Astrophysicists, astronomers, space systems engineers, mathematicians and scientists have been cooperating to implement novel and ground-breaking space missions. Recent progress in mathematical dynamics has enabled development of specialised spacecraft orbits and propulsion systems. Recently, the concept of flying spacecraft in formation has gained a lot of interest within the community. These progresses constitute the background to a significant...

280. 

Collected Works of H. S. Tsien (1938-1956)

Collected Works of H. S. Tsien (1938-1956)

By: Tsien H S

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication Date: 31-DEC-2012

Insert Date: 02-NOV-2013

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Dr. H. S. Tsien (also known as Dr. Qian Xuesen), is celebrated as the leader of the research that produced China's first ballistic missiles, its first satellite, and the Silkworm anti-ship missile. This volume collects the scientific works of Dr. H. S. Tsien (also known as Dr. Qian Xuesen) and his co-authors, which published between 1938—1956 when he was studying and working in the United States as a graduate student, scientist and professor, when aeronautic exploration stepped up from low speed to high speed regimes and astronautic technology entered its infant stage. The author...