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Biotechnology


1. 

Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies

Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies

By: Steven Thompson

Publisher: IGI Global

Publication Date: 30-APR-2014

Insert Date: 11-JUL-2014

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With rapid advancements in human enhancement technologies, society struggles with many issues, such as definition, effects, participation, regulation, and control. Current and future initiatives in these technologies may not be in the participants’ best interests; therefore, it is imperative for research on humanitarian considerations to be available to those affiliated with this field. Global Issues and Ethical Considerations in Human Enhancement Technologies compiles prestigious research and provides a well-rounded composite of the field’s role in emerging technologies. Addressing both...

2. 

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology

By: P.A. Revell

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 31-JUL-2014

Insert Date: 18-JUN-2014

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Joint replacement is a standard treatment for joint degradation and has improved the quality of life of millions of patients. For its continued success and to meet the rising expectations of patients and surgeons, it relies on collaboration between clinicians and researchers. This second edition provides a comprehensive review of the scientific and engineering developments in joint replacement technology. Part one introduces the advances in joint replacement technology, tribological considerations and experiments, and immune and regenerative responses to joint replacements. Part two...

3. 

Biomaterials for Bone Regeneration

Biomaterials for Bone Regeneration

By: P. Dubruel; S. Van Vlierberghe

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 09-JUN-2014

Insert Date: 18-JUN-2014

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In recent decades, there has been a shift from the idea of using biomaterials as passive substitutes for damaged bones towards the concept of biomaterials as aids for the regeneration of a host’s own bone tissue. This has resulted in an important field of research and a range of technological developments. This book provides a comprehensive review of the biomaterials available and how they can be applied in bone regeneration. In part one, a wide range of materials are discussed, including calcium phosphate cements, hydrogels, biopolymers, synthetic polymers and shape memory polymers....

4. 

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

By: Z Jin

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 05-MAY-2014

Insert Date: 05-JUN-2014

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Modelling is an important aspect of the design process for biomaterials and medical devices. By effectively modelling biomaterials and implants before their implantation, it is now possible to predict certain implant-tissue reactions, degradation and wear. Consequently, computational modelling is becoming increasingly important in the design and manufacture of biomedical materials, allowing scientists to more accurately tailor their materials’ properties for the in vivo environment. Computational modelling of biomechanics and biotribology in the musculoskeletal system begins with an...

5. 

Biological Identification

Biological Identification

By: R. Paul Schaudies

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 30-JUN-2014

Insert Date: 05-JUN-2014

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Biological identification systems are a vital component in countering the threats to life and health posed by natural pathogens, toxins, and bioterrorism agents. It is essential that such systems are fast, accurate, reliable and easy to use. It is also important to employ the most suitable technology in dealing with any particular threat. This book provides a detailed review of the technologies available and the potential for future developments. Part one covers the essentials of DNA and RNA sequencing for the identification of pathogens, including next generation sequencing (NGS),...

6. 

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

By: Niklaus Baltzer; Thierry Copponnex

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 30-JUN-2014

Insert Date: 05-JUN-2014

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Precious metals and semi-precious metals have been used in medicine for many years. The properties of these metals and their alloys make them suitable for an increasing number of medical applications. This book provides readers with a useful review of this group of materials’ unique properties and applications. The first part of the book provides readers with the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, before chapters in part two look at a wide range of applications of precious metals in medicine. Provides a useful review of this group of materials’ unique...

7. 

Digital Image Processing for Ophthalmology

Digital Image Processing for Ophthalmology

By: Faraz Oloumi; Rangaraj M. Rangayyan; Anna L. Ells

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

Publication Date: 01-MAY-2014

Insert Date: 16-MAY-2014

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The monitoring of the effects of retinopathy on the visual system can be assisted by analyzing the vascular architecture of the retina. This book presents methods based on Gabor filters to detect blood vessels in fundus images of the retina. Forty images of the retina from the Digital Retinal Images for Vessel Extraction (DRIVE) database were used to evaluate the performance of the methods. The results demonstrate high efficiency in the detection of blood vessels with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.96. Monitoring the openness of the major temporal arcade (MTA)...

8. 

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

By: O Ostroverkhova

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 31-AUG-2013

Insert Date: 02-MAY-2014

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Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and...

9. 

A Biotech Manager's Handbook

A Biotech Manager's Handbook

By: M O'Neill; M Hopkins

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 02-MAY-2012

Insert Date: 29-APR-2014

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A biotech manager's handbook lays out - in a simple, straightforward manner - for the manager or would-be entrepreneur the basic principles of running a biotech company. Most managers in biotechnology companies are working in their first company or in their first managerial role. Their expertise and experience in the scientific part of the work can be taken as a given but there is a whole range of other skills to be learned and areas of expertise to come to terms with. Small companies do not have big budgets to hire people or time to become an expert in so many areas. The book starts by...

10. 

Coatings for Biomedical Applications

Coatings for Biomedical Applications

By: M Driver

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 22-FEB-2012

Insert Date: 23-APR-2014

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The biomaterials sector is rapidly expanding and significant advances have been made in the technology of biomedical coatings and materials, which provide a means to improve the wear of joints, change the biological interaction between implant and host and combine the properties of various materials to improve device performance. Coatings for biomedical applications provides an extensive review of coating types and surface modifications for biomedical applications. The first part of the book explores a range of coating types and their biomedical applications. Chapters look at...

11. 

Biosensors for Medical Applications

Biosensors for Medical Applications

By: S Higson

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 21-AUG-2012

Insert Date: 23-APR-2014

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Biomedical sensors are an essential tool in the detection and monitoring of a wide range of medical conditions from cancer to Parkinson’s disease. Biosensors for medical applications provides a comprehensive review of established, cutting edge and future trends in biomedical sensors and their applications. Part one focuses on key principles and transduction approaches, reviewing electrochemical, piezoelectric and nano-sized biosensors. Impedence interrogated affinity biosensors for medical applications and practical applications of enzyme biosensors are explored, before part two goes on...

12. 

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers

By: M Jenkins; A Stamboulis

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 13-AUG-2012

Insert Date: 23-APR-2014

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Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers...

13. 

Bioprocess Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering

By: K Clarke

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 21-OCT-2013

Insert Date: 23-APR-2014

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Biotechnology is an expansive field incorporating expertise in both the life science and engineering disciplines. In biotechnology, the scientist is concerned with developing the most favourable biocatalysts, while the engineer is directed towards process performance, defining conditions and strategies that will maximize the production potential of the biocatalyst. Increasingly, the synergistic effect of the contributions of engineering and life sciences is recognised as key to the translation of new bioproducts from the laboratory bench to commercial bioprocess. Fundamental to the...

14. 

Handbook of Biomedical Optics

Handbook of Biomedical Optics

By: David Boas; Constantinos Pitris; Nimmi Ramanujam

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 14-JUN-2011

Insert Date: 22-APR-2014

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Taking a broad yet detailed approach, this comprehensive handbook covers light-based diagnostic methodologies and light-mediated therapeutics as well as concepts and cutting-edge optical methods used in research and practice. Extensively illustrated, the book presents the theory and fundamentals, along with state-of-the-art applications. The expert contributors also discuss advantages and disadvantages of various techniques. After introducing the background principles of optics, light sources, and irradiation and basic tissue optics concepts, the book focuses on spectroscopic methods,...

15. 

Support Vector Machines and Their Application in Chemistry and Biotechnology

Support Vector Machines and Their Application in Chemistry and Biotechnology

By: Yizeng Liang; Qing-Song Xu; Hong-Dong Li; Dong-Sheng Cao

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 09-MAY-2011

Insert Date: 22-APR-2014

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Presenting a clear bridge between theory and application, this volume provides a thorough description of the mechanism of support vector machines (SVMs) from the point of view of chemists and biologists. Topics discussed include elements and algorithms of support vector classification (SVC) machines and support vector regression machines (SVR), the kernel function for solving nonlinear problems, ensemble learning of SVMs, applications of SVMs to near-infrared data, SVMs and quantitative structure-activity/property relationships (QSAR/QSPR), quality control of traditional Chinese medicine...

16. 

Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications: Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology

Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications: Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology

By: Mark Mentzer

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 09-MAY-2011

Insert Date: 22-APR-2014

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Providing an interdisciplinary look at optics technology, this book investigates the connection between nanotechnology, MOEMS, and biotechnology. It covers fundamental relationships and system applications and includes design examples and numerous useful references. The author discusses emerging technologies augmented with MEMS, MOEMS, nanotechnology, biotechnology, fiber optic sensing, integrated optics, optical computing and signal processing, integrated optics, and electro-optics. He uses case studies to illustrate how emerging optics technologies are applied in the marketplace. ...

17. 

Medical Robotics

Medical Robotics

By: P Gomes

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 18-OCT-2012

Insert Date: 22-APR-2014

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Advances in research have led to the use of robotics in a range of surgical applications. Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of this enabling technology. Beginning with an introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the core technologies of the field are discussed, including localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics. Key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics are considered, as well...

18. 

Biomedical Imaging

Biomedical Imaging

By: Peter Morris

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 19-FEB-2014

Insert Date: 22-APR-2014

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The development of imaging techniques is of great importance for the diagnosis of disease, monitoring of medical implants and for strategies for personalised medicine. Significant advances are being made in this technology and Biomedical imaging discusses the technologies and latest developments in this increasingly important field. Chapters in part one explore the full scale of imaging technologies from Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to Positron Emission Tomography (PET), as well as the Next Generation techniques that could provide the basis for personalised medicine. Part two highlights...

19. 

Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices

Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices

By: Y Zhou; M Breyen

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 31-MAY-2013

Insert Date: 19-APR-2014

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As medical devices become more intricate, with an increasing number of components made from a wide range of materials, it is important that they meet stringent requirements to ensure that they are safe to be implanted and will not be rejected by the human body. Joining and assembly of medical materials and devices provides a comprehensive overview of joining techniques for a range of medical materials and applications. Part one provides an introduction to medical devices and joining methods with further specific chapters on microwelding methods in medical components and the effects of...

20. 

Contract Research and Manufacturing Services (CRAMS) in India

Contract Research and Manufacturing Services (CRAMS) in India

By: M Antani; G Gokhale

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

Publication Date: 31-OCT-2012

Insert Date: 19-APR-2014

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The field of contract research and manufacturing broadly encompasses those services in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors that require extensive research and development and large-scale manufacturing facilities. The field has great potential for growth in the Indian outsourcing industry, which is world-renowned for its provision of cheap and highly-skilled services. Contract research and manufacturing services (CRAMS) in India provides a detailed account of the current scenario in India and the advantages that the Indian outsourcing industry can offer in the field of CRAMS....