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Physics


1. 

Thermostable Proteins: Structural Stability and Design

Thermostable Proteins: Structural Stability and Design

By: Srikanta Sen; Lennart Nilsson

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 10-OCT-2011

Insert Date: 22-APR-2014

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This book provides a comprehensive, updated account of the physical basis of enhanced stability of thermophilic proteins and the design of tailor-made thermostable proteins, paving the way for their possible industrial applications. This book is devoted to understanding the survival mechanisms of "thermophilic life forms" at the molecular level with an emphasis on design strategies. Basic structural, thermodynamic, and kinetic principles are explained and molecular strategies for the adaptation to high temperatures are delineated. ...

2. 

Radiophysical and Geomagnetic Effects of Rocket Burn and Launch in the Near-the-Earth Environment

Radiophysical and Geomagnetic Effects of Rocket Burn and Launch in the Near-the-Earth Environment

By: Leonid Chernogor; Nathan Blaunstein

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 13-NOV-2013

Insert Date: 18-APR-2014

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This book analyzes experimental and theoretical studies on the effects of rocket burns and launchings on the near-Earth environment and geomagnetic fields from 1,000 to 10,000 kilometers. It examines the disturbances of plasma and the ambient magnetic and electric fields in the near-Earth environment caused by rocket burns and launchings from Russia, the United States, China, France, and other worldwide space centers. Measurements were carried out using numerous radiophysical methods, including HF Doppler radar, incoherent and coherent scatter radar systems, microwave radar, magnetometer,...

3. 

Heat Transfer Physics, Second Edition

Heat Transfer Physics, Second Edition

By: Massoud Kaviany

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 28-FEB-2014

Insert Date: 05-APR-2014

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This graduate textbook describes atomic-level kinetics (mechanisms and rates) of thermal energy storage, transport (conduction, convection, and radiation), and transformation (various energy conversions) by principal energy carriers. The approach combines the fundamentals of molecular orbitals-potentials, statistical thermodynamics, computational molecular dynamics, quantum energy states, transport theories, solid-state and fluid-state physics, and quantum optics. The textbook presents a unified theory, over fine-structure/molecular-dynamics/Boltzmann/macroscopic length and time scales, of...

4. 

Waves and Mean Flows, Second Edition

Waves and Mean Flows, Second Edition

By: Oliver Bühler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 28-FEB-2014

Insert Date: 05-APR-2014

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Interactions between waves and mean flows play a crucial role in understanding the long-term aspects of atmospheric and oceanographic modelling. Indeed, our ability to predict climate change hinges on our ability to model waves accurately. This book gives a modern account of the nonlinear interactions between waves and mean flows, such as shear flows and vortices. A detailed account of the theory of linear dispersive waves in moving media is followed by a thorough introduction to classical wave-mean interaction theory. The author then extends the scope of the classical theory and lifts its...

5. 

The Bethe Wavefunction

The Bethe Wavefunction

By: Michel Gaudin; Jean-Sébastien Caux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 28-FEB-2014

Insert Date: 05-APR-2014

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Michel Gaudin's book La fonction d'onde de Bethe is a uniquely influential masterpiece on exactly solvable models of quantum mechanics and statistical physics. Available in English for the first time, this translation brings his classic work to a new generation of graduate students and researchers in physics. It presents a mixture of mathematics interspersed with powerful physical intuition, retaining the author's unmistakably honest tone. The book begins with the Heisenberg spin chain, starting from the coordinate Bethe Ansatz and culminating in a discussion of its thermodynamic...

6. 

X-Ray Line Profile Analysis in Materials Science

X-Ray Line Profile Analysis in Materials Science

By: Jenő Gubicza

Publisher: IGI Global

Publication Date: 31-MAR-2014

Insert Date: 30-JAN-2014

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X-ray line profile analysis is an effective and non-destructive method for the characterization of the microstructure in crystalline materials. Supporting research in the area of x-ray line profile analysis is necessary in promoting further developments in this field. X-Ray Line Profile Analysis in Materials Science aims to synthesize the existing knowledge of the theory, methodology, and applications of x-ray line profile analysis in real-world settings. This publication presents both the theoretical background and practical implementation of x-ray line profile analysis and serves as a...

7. 

A Kinetic View of Statistical Physics

A Kinetic View of Statistical Physics

By: Pavel L.,Krapivsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 18-NOV-2010

Insert Date: 23-JAN-2014

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Aimed at graduate students, this book explores some of the core phenomena in non-equilibrium statistical physics. It focuses on the development and application of theoretical methods to help students develop their problem-solving skills. The book begins with microscopic transport processes: diffusion, collision-driven phenomena, and exclusion. It then presents the kinetics of aggregation, fragmentation and adsorption, where the basic phenomenology and solution techniques are emphasized. The following chapters cover kinetic spin systems, both from a discrete and a continuum perspective, the...

8. 

Quantum Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers

Quantum Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers

By: David A. B. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 21-APR-2008

Insert Date: 23-JAN-2014

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If you need a book that relates the core principles of quantum mechanics to modern applications in engineering, physics, and nanotechnology, this is it. Students will appreciate the book's applied emphasis, which illustrates theoretical concepts with examples of nanostructured materials, optics, and semiconductor devices. The many worked examples and more than 160 homework problems help students to problem solve and to practise applications of theory. Without assuming a prior knowledge of high-level physics or classical mechanics, the text introduces Schrödinger's equation, operators, and...

9. 

Advanced Solid State Physics, Second Edition

Advanced Solid State Physics, Second Edition

By: Philip Phillips

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 01-MAR-2012

Insert Date: 23-JAN-2014

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Providing an up-to-date and lucid presentation of phenomena across modern advanced-level solid state physics, this new edition builds on an elementary understanding to introduce students to the key research topics with the minimum of mathematics. It covers cutting-edge topics, including electron transport and magnetism in solids. It is the first book to explain topological insulators and strongly correlated electrons. Explaining solid state physics in a clear and detailed way, it also has over 50 exercises for students to test their knowledge. In addition to the extensive discussion of...

10. 

Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory

Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory

By: Jonathan Dimock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 03-FEB-2011

Insert Date: 23-JAN-2014

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Explaining the concepts of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory in a precise mathematical language, this textbook is an ideal introduction for graduate students in mathematics, helping to prepare them for further studies in quantum physics. The textbook covers topics that are central to quantum physics: non-relativistic quantum mechanics, quantum statistical mechanics, relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. There is also background material on analysis, classical mechanics, relativity and probability. Each topic is explored through a statement of basic principles...

11. 

Gauge Theories of the Strong, Weak, and Electromagnetic Interactions, 2nd Edition

Gauge Theories of the Strong, Weak, and Electromagnetic Interactions, 2nd Edition

By: Chris Quigg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Publication Date: 22-SEP-2013

Insert Date: 15-JAN-2014

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This completely revised and updated graduate-level textbook is an ideal introduction to gauge theories and their applications to high-energy particle physics, and takes an in-depth look at two new laws of nature--quantum chromodynamics and the electroweak theory. From quantum electrodynamics through unified theories of the interactions among leptons and quarks, Chris Quigg examines the logic and structure behind gauge theories and the experimental underpinnings of today's theories. Quigg emphasizes how we know what we know, and in the era of the Large Hadron Collider, his insightful...

12. 

Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies

Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies

By: Anil Rao

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 14-NOV-2005

Insert Date: 16-NOV-2013

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This 2006 book is intended for undergraduate courses in dynamics. The work is a unique blend of conceptual, theoretical, and practical aspects of dynamics generally not found in dynamics books at the undergraduate level. In particular, in this book the concepts are developed in a highly rigorous manner and are applied to examples using a step-by-step approach that is completely consistent with the theory. In addition, for clarity, the notation used to develop the theory is identical to that used to solve example problems. The result of this approach is that a student is able to see clearly...

13. 

Mr Tompkins in Paperback

Mr Tompkins in Paperback

By: George Gamow; Roger Penrose

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 26-MAR-2012

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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Since his first appearance over sixty years ago, Mr Tompkins has become known and loved by many thousands of readers as the bank clerk whose fantastic dreams and adventures lead him into a world inside the atom. George Gamow's classic provides a delightful explanation of the central concepts in modern physics, from atomic structure to relativity, and quantum theory to fusion and fission. Roger Penrose's foreword introduces Mr Tompkins to a new generation of readers and reviews his adventures in light of recent developments in physics. ...

14. 

Methods of Mathematical Physics, Third Edition

Methods of Mathematical Physics, Third Edition

By: Harold Jeffreys; Bertha Jeffreys

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 18-NOV-1999

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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This well-known text and reference contains an account of those parts of mathematics that are most frequently needed in physics. As a working rule, it includes methods which have applications in at least two branches of physics. The authors have aimed at a high standard of rigour and have not accepted the often-quoted opinion that 'any argument is good enough if it is intended to be used by scientists'. At the same time, they have not attempted to achieve greater generality than is required for the physical applications: this often leads to considerable simplification of the mathematics....

15. 

Self-Organized Criticality

Self-Organized Criticality

By: Henrik Jeldtoft Jensen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 13-JAN-1998

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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Self-organized criticality (SOC) is based upon the idea that complex behavior can develop spontaneously in certain multi-body systems whose dynamics vary abruptly. This book is a clear and concise introduction to the field of self-organized criticality, and contains an overview of the main research results. The author begins with an examination of what is meant by SOC, and the systems in which it can occur. He then presents and analyzes computer models to describe a number of systems, and he explains the different mathematical formalisms developed to understand SOC. The final chapter...

16. 

The Physics of Low-dimensional Semiconductors

The Physics of Low-dimensional Semiconductors

By: John H. Davies

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 13-DEC-1997

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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The composition of modern semiconductor heterostructures can be controlled precisely on the atomic scale to create low-dimensional systems. These systems have revolutionised semiconductor physics, and their impact on technology, particularly for semiconductor lasers and ultrafast transistors, is widespread and burgeoning. This book provides an introduction to the general principles that underlie low-dimensional semiconductors. As far as possible, simple physical explanations are used, with reference to examples from actual devices. The author shows how, beginning with fundamental results...

17. 

Mechanics of Solid Materials

Mechanics of Solid Materials

By: Jean Lemaitre; Jean-Louis Chaboche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 08-FEB-1990

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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Elasticity, plasticity, damage mechanics and cracking are all phenomena which determine the resistance of solids to deformation and fracture. The authors of this book discuss a modern method of mathematically modelling the behaviour of macroscopic volume elements. The book is self-contained and the first three chapters review physical mechanisms at the microstructural level, thermodynamics of irreversible processes, mechanics of continuous media, and the classification of the behaviour of solids. The rest of the book is devoted to the modelling of different types of material behaviour. In...

18. 

Quantum Fields in Curved Space

Quantum Fields in Curved Space

By: N. D. Birrell; P. C. W. Davies

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 25-FEB-1982

Insert Date: 05-NOV-2013

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This book presents a comprehensive review of the subject of gravitational effects in quantum field theory. Although the treatment is general, special emphasis is given to the Hawking black hole evaporation effect, and to particle creation processes in the early universe. The last decade has witnessed a phenomenal growth in this subject. This is the first attempt to collect and unify the vast literature that has contributed to this development. All the major technical results are presented, and the theory is developed carefully from first principles. Here is everything that students or...

19. 

Extreme Physics

Extreme Physics

By: Jeff Colvin; Jon Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 31-OCT-2013

Insert Date: 03-NOV-2013

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Most matter in the Universe, from the deep interior of planets to the core of stars, is at high temperature or high pressure compared to the matter of our ordinary experience. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the basic physical theory on matter at such extreme conditions and the mathematical modeling techniques involved in numerical simulations of its properties and behavior. Focusing on computational modeling, the book discusses topics such as the basic properties of dense plasmas; ionization physics; the physical mechanisms by which laser light is absorbed in matter;...

20. 

Introduction to Strings and Branes

Introduction to Strings and Branes

By: Peter West

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 05-JUL-2012

Insert Date: 03-NOV-2013

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Supersymmetry, strings and branes are believed to be the essential ingredients in a single unified consistent theory of physics. This book gives a detailed, step-by-step introduction to the theoretical foundations required for research in strings and branes. After a study of the different formulations of the bosonic and supersymmetric point particles, the classical and quantum bosonic and supersymmetric string theories are presented. This book includes accounts of brane dynamics and D-branes and the T, S and U duality symmetries of string theory. The historical derivation of string...